JULES VERNE'S SOURCES FOR "MATHIAS SANDORF"
created by DAVOR SISOVIC
1. COUNT MONTE CRISTO
Jules Verne dedicated his novel "Mathias Sandorf" to Alexandre Dumas
jr., his very good friend. Dedication was also pointed to the memory
of Alexandre Dumas (father), author of legendary novel "Count
Monte Cristo". In a dedication-letter adressed to Dumas junior, Jules
Verne stated that he tried to make Mathias Sandorf as a Monte-Cristo of
"Voyages Extraordinaires". Verne's dedication and answer by Alexandre Dumas
jr. were published as an opening of many editions of the novel "Mathias
Sandorf", including also a Croatian 1988 edition.
2. JULES VERNE'S JOURNEYS
Jules Verne had a lot of travellings, mostly with his yacht "Saint Michel".
In couple of interviews Verne mentioned that the inspiration for the novel
"Mathias Sandorf" came during one (undated) family cruising with "Saint
Michel" over the Mediterreanean, when he visited Tanger and Malta; and
during another Mediterreanean cruising at 1878, with his friends
Raoul Duval, Hetzel jr. and his brother Paul. Unfortunately, I don't have
informations whether Verne visited Adriatic sea during these cruises;
so I'll appreciate any information
about if Jules Verne had oportunity to see, at least from the sea, Dubrovnik,
Boka Kotorska, Rovinj, Lim channel, Istrian coast, so Croatian landscapes
and places described in "Mathias Sandorf".
3. TRAVELLING DIARIES
Describes of Pazin, of his thousand years old castle and of underground
cave called Pazinska jama (or Foiba di Pisino), places mentioned
in novel "Mathias Sandorf" as a scenery for very important parts of the
plot, were available to Jules Verne in years before he wrote this novel.
Regarding the fact that Verne, in "Mathias Sandorf", mentioned travellor
and writer Charles Yriarte, it's possible that Verne knew for Yriarte's
works about Adriatic coast. Besides, Verne and Yriarte knew each other.
Charles Yriarte wrote about Pazin, his castle and cave "Pazinska jama",
in his works "Les Bords de l'Adriatique" (Ports of Adriatic) - (Hachette,
Paris 1878.) and "Trieste e l'Istria" (Trieste and Istria) - (Hachette,
Paris 1875.). In his book "Les Bords de L’Adriatique" Yriarte published
one very nice panoramic drawing of Pazin, with a gorge of "Pazinska jama"
cave in a first plan. Besides his other impressions from Pazin, Charles
Yriarte very carefully described architectonic look of the old castle and
views down the gorge, talking about his own feelings of fear and respect
to the mysterious deep he saw while looking over the castle's window. Yriarte
mentioned also an contemporary episode when a young count Esdorff,
official of local municipality, entered the underground lake in "Pazinska
jama" cave with a little boat, but couldn't reach it's end. Also, Yriarte
repeated a contemporary belief that the water of river Pazincica, after
miles of underground flow through "Pazinska jama" cave, comes up again
on the surface in a Lim channel (or Lim bay), at the western coast
of Istria; and that's the way where also Verne's heroes had passed.
4. MAYOR OF PAZIN GIUSEPPE CECH
Famous about his very pedant and detailed preparations for every of his
novel, Jules Verne used to collect all available informations about places
he was up to describe. While preparing to write a huge, three-volumes novel
"Mathias Sandorf", Jules Verne wrote a letter to contemporary mayor of
Pazin, Giuseppe Cech, asking for more detailed facts that he could
find in Yriarte's works. Giuseppe Cech answered the letter, and sent to
Jules Verne also a photographies of landscape with gorge, old castle, and
old parts of town. I believe that, thanks to these photographies, Leon
Benett, illustrator of "Mathias Sandorf", could draw an very realistic
picture of old castle in Pazin, placed on the edge of a high rock with
a deep gorge and a river flowing to the underground. Well, two years after,
Jules Verne sent a first print of "Mathias Sandorf" to his correspondent
from Pazin, with hand-writen dedication: "Au Podestat de Pisino - Hommage
de l’auteur - Jules Verne - Paris, 22 novembre 1885.". This relationship
between Jules Verne and mayor of Pazin Giuseppe Cech was enlighted for
a first time at book "La Foiba di Pisino" by Nerina Feresini (Trieste,
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Last Updated: 1998. June 12